This website is the outcome of the project undertaken at department of english, maharaja krishnakumarsinhji bhavnagar university bhavnagar gujarat. This is the earliest way of judging any work of art in relation to reality whether the representation is accurate verisimilitude or not. They both address ways of looking at literature beyond the typical plotthemecharactersetting studies. Since plato applied the mimetic theory on literature and separated it from narrative, mimesis has been given a very clear literary meaning. Pdf genres of discourse and the definition of literature. From that base comes the pragmatic and expressive theory. We opted for a number of selected literary and cultural theories and. Literary critical theory is a tool that helps you find meaning in. Introduction this is the earliest way of judging any work of art in relation to reality whether the representation is accurate verisimilitude or not. The proponents of each theory believe their theory is the theory.
Those theories which are widely used in literary and cultural studies are either introduced or further explored having been introduced in undergraduate modules in theory of literature and elsewhere. Thefrankfurtschoolthenattemptedtoreconstructthetheorytoenableitto withstandtotalitariancorruption. Writers need literary theory overland literary journal. Reflecting on works by pushkin, dostoevsky, gogol, bely, mandelstam, akhmatova, mayakovsky, nabokov, and lesserknown russian writers, lachmann goes beyond formalist approaches to. There are many ways in which criticism may be classified. Just as a perspective is a way of looking at something, a critical perspective is a way of criticizing or analyzing literature. Historical biographical criticism until well into the 20th century, much of literary study was based on the assumption that to understand a work you need to understand the authors social background, the authors life, ideas circulating during the time the author was writing, what other works influenced the creation of the one under examination, and so on.
The mimetic theory of literary criticism places primary importance on how well a literary work imitates life. In practice, mimetic critical theory often asks how well the literary work conveys universal truths and teaches the reader positive moral values and modes of personal conduct. Removing literary theory from writing courses is an antiintellectual move that is ultimately selfdefeating, and it. Feminist literature feminist literature feminist literature is based on the principles of feminism and includes all literary works centering on a womans struggle for equality and to be accepted as a human being, before becoming a victim of gender stereotypes. The earliest known examples of visual art belong to. Cuddons dictionary of literary terms and literary theory, we have tried to remain mindful of the fact that we are revising. Art imitates idea and so it is imitation of reality. Literary theory in a strict sense is the systematic study of the nature of literature and of the. The weakness of the spatial view, according to fish, is that it imparts a spurious objectivity to the text, giving the false impression that it is simply there. According to wellek, the work was written with the idea between warren and himself that we should rather combine our forces to produce a book which would formulate a theory of literature with an emphasis on the aesthetic. It illuminates the unity of the overall agenda of the ethicsliterature discussion in angloamerican moral. Ability comes with experience, by reading and thinking on a wide range of material, literature and criticism. Its meaning paintings, the earliest identified examples of art belonging to the visual class are often and, quite naturally appreciated in terms of its capability to represent nature, the visible world.
Mimetic theory originated with rene girard, a french polymath whose seminal insights into the nature of human desire bridges diverse fields such as anthropology, literary criticism, religious studies, psychology, ethnology, sociology, philosophy, and others. Literature and moral theory investigates how literature, in the past 30 years, has been used as a means for transforming the angloamerican moral philosophical landscape, which until recently was dominated by certain ways of doing theory. In book 10 595a608b, he returns to the subject and extends his criticism beyond dramatic imitation to include all poetry and all visual art, on the ground that the arts are only. This project was sponsored by mhrd, new delhi under nmeict sakshat initiatives for econtent development.
There is a direct relation between genres of discourse and the definition of literature. In the field of english studies and most academic disciplines, theory refers to the. Introduction summaries new criticism archetypal criticism psychoanalytic criticism feminist criticism marxist criticism readerresponse criticism cultural studies new historicism deconstruction conclusion. Platos republic, books iii and x and aristotles poetics. In this essay both of mcgregors theories on management, theory x and theory y, will have their evolution explained with the differences between the two assumptions described and defined, as well as the relevance that both theory x and theory y have upon management in. The mimetic theories judge a literary work of art in terms of imitation. In memory and literature, renate lachmann combines literary theory with textual analysis in a consideration of some of the major texts of russian modernism. Literary theory internet encyclopedia of philosophy. The target learners are graduate and postgraduate students. Mimetic theory of literary criticism pen and the pad. Xxxix by dietmar regensburger, university of innsbruck published in. Then the indication of the word literary criticism along with the origin and development of literary criticism has to be examined. Theory and history of literature university of minnesota press. University of pretoria etd strehler, a 2008 literature.
But you dont have to be a scholar or an insider of mimetic theory to understand it. We use your linkedin profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Pdf a critical overview of literary criticism in english. Fry is the william lampson professor of english and has taught at yale since 1971. They both address ways of looking at literature beyond the typical plotthemecharacter setting studies. Socrates criticizes the mimetic forms as tending to corrupt performers whose roles may involve expression of passions or wicked deeds, and he bars such poetry from his ideal state. One of the marks of genius is to notice something vitally important and seemingly obvious but which never before had been. A theory of literature of 194446, being an influential and comprehensive analysis of the american new criticism movement.
Literary theory in a strict sense is the systematic study of the nature of literature and of the methods for analyzing literature. Bibliography of literature on the mimetic theory vol. Literary theories session 2 literature and literary study. The two met at the university of iowa in the late 1930s, and by 1940 had begun writing the book. List of books and articles about feminist literature.
Literary critical theory washington state university. Its contents were based on their shared understandings of. His primary areas of specialization are british romanticism, the history of literary criticism, contemporary literary theory, and literature in relation to the visual arts. Thecriticismreacheditspeakduringtimesofeconomictragedy. Full text of theory of literature internet archive.
Literature and literary studyliterature and literary study literature. It is or should be the role of creative writing programs to challenge students ideas, to confront and reconsider every assumption a student might hold. On the contrary, aristotle advocated poetry as it is mimetic in nature. For this purpose, all these theories treat a work of art as photographic reproduction i. Plato rejected poetry as it is mimetic in nature on the moral and philosophical grounds. Professor fry has been teaching, refining and updating the course of 26 hourlong lectures at yale, which make up this book, for decades back to when. By literary theory we refer not to the meaning of a work of literature but to the theories that reveal what literature can mean. Literary theory explores and attempts to evaluate the bases of criticism, but literary criticism itself is a practical activity carried out in a community of interests. From the very beginnings of mathematical game theory in 1944 or earlier, it seemed likely. There are some major critical theories such as mimetic. Mimetic theory s key insight is that human desire is not an autonomous process, but a collective one. Marxist criticism is a strongly politicallyoriented criticism, deriving from the theories of the social philosopher karl marx. Craft matters, but so too does originality of thought, of building on knowledge to produce something genuinely new.
Introduction to mimetic theory and pragmatic theory. In his theory of mimesis, plato says that all art is mimetic by nature. Frys theory of literature stands out for a number of reasons that, taken together, make a compelling case for it being the classroom text of choice for lecturers working with advanced students on literary theory. Theory and history of literature 198198 is a landmark event in twentieth century critical thought. Mimetic theory is a concept developed and advocated for by rene girard, 20thcentury french anthropologist. To illustrate the necessity of movement from one theory to another, the theories are arranged in the following order. Theory and history of literature university of minnesota.